A complete medical history and a physical exam are the first step in diagnosing with fertility problem. Both partners need to be evaluated. The couple may also need blood tests, semen analysis and ultrasound exams or exploratory surgery for the woman.
Once the cause for infertility is determined, treatment can be planned. Some times, a simple instruction or few medication will solve the problem. Instructions like when produce a pregnancy is given. In many cases medications are indicated. In some cases surgery is required.
Problems in the male reproductive organs can often be resolved with medicine and if required with surgery.
Sperm quality and quantity can be affected by overall health and life style. Some things that may reduce sperm number and / or quality includes alcohol, drugs, stress, environmental toxins, smoking, health problems, certain medicines, radio or chemotherapy and age.
Things that affect woman’s fertility includes age, stress, poor diet, obesity, underweight, smoking, STD, hormonal problems and health problems.
For person who wants to be a father again after vasectomy operation is vasectomy reversal operation should be the first choice. In skilled hands, reversals are successful 70-80%. The other procedure is extraction of sperm from testes or from epidydymis. These sperms are used to inject a ovum through a procedure called ICSI [Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection].
One in six couples are affected by some degree of infertility.
Couple who have been having intercourse during ovulation for one year without protection and wants to have baby soon can consult a doctor.
Most infertility problems are not hereditary. If your grand mother, mother or sister conceives late or had difficult in conceiving, it is not a rule that you will not conceive.
Painful periods do not affect fertility, infact it is a signal of ovulatory cycles. But if one have consistant pain doctor consultation is advised.
It is a procedure that restores blocked or tied fallopian tubes to restore fertility in a woman. The procedure is called tubal reversal because it is performed to reserve the effects of a tubal ligation, a procedure which involves blocking the fallopian tubes to prevent pregnancy.
No, many couples are successful in their attempts to conceive using simple and “low-tech” procedure. ~10-20% couples seeking infertility treatment will undergo ART procedure. All ART procedures are established medical treatment.
Improvements in medication, surgery and ART make pregnancy possible for a majority of the couples pursuing treatments. Success rates have drastically improved for couples taking treatment under ART.
Conception occurs when the male’s sperm meet the woman’s egg and successfully penetrates it. This typically takes place in one of the woman’s fallopian tube and the fertilized egg then travels to the uterus and implants in the uterine lining. For pregnancy to take place, fertilization of the egg must be followed by a successful impanation. Only one egg is released for fertilization in each menstrual cycle. If this egg is not fertilized, conception will not be possible again until the next cycle.
The current & more accurate term for surrogate is “carrier”. A surrogate is a woman who agrees to carry a pregnancy for another person or couple, called the intended parent(s).
The typical surrogate is a woman in her mid 20’s to early 35’s married & the mother of her own children. Although compensated, surrogates generally provide their services to help other loving, committed couples experience the same joy they have as parents.
To become a surrogate the woman should fulfill the following criteria:
Surrogacy agreements are the first stage in a two step process. The purpose of the surrogacy agreement is to allow each party to state their intentions & their responsibilities to one another .The agreement will clearly state that the surrogate does not intend on parenting any resulting children & does not wish to have physical or legal custody of any children.The surrogacy agreement will also define the right & responsibilities of the assisted parents.
In gestational surrogacy, the surrogate is not biologically related to any resulting children. This type of surrogacy requires the use of a third party egg donor (either anonymous or known),and the procedure to establish the pregnancy is called ”In Vitro Fertilization”. In traditional surrogacy, the surrogates own eggs are used to conceive the child, so she is biologically related to the resulting children. The procedure used to establish the pregnancy is generally referred to as “artificial insemination”.
The tests that a surrogate needs to undergo are as following:
The reason for going towards surrogacy includes: